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Publication ethics

The Editorial Board of the Cappadocia Journal of Area Studies (CJAS) aims to ensure high-quality scientific publications, trust in scientific findings, and that researchers and other authors receive credit for their studies.

CJAS aims to adhere the guidelines and core practices of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Article assessment

All submitted papers are subject to initial screening by one of the editors and afterwards peer review. The articles mustmeet standards of academic excellence. If approved by the editors, articles will be considered by peer reviewers, whose identities are anonymous to the authors.

The editors may consult experts in their fields before deciding on appropriate actions, This includes inviting reviewers with specific expertise, assessment by additional editors, and declining to consider a submission.


Authors must not use the words, figures, or ideas of others without a reference to them. All sources in the submitted articles must be properly cited, preferably where they are used in the text.

CJAS editors use plagiarism screening software (iThenticate) to detect submissions that are similar to published and previously submitted papers.

If plagiarism is detected, whether in published or unpublished material in CJAS, the material will be rejected. Any published articles may need to be corrected. The editors of CJAS may remove published articles from the website if a high level of similarity is in place.

Duplicate submission and redundant publication

The articles submitted to CJAS should not been previously published, including in other languages. Articles based on content added on a preprint server, institutional repository (including KÜNASİS), or in a thesis will be considered.

Manuscripts submitted to CJAS must not be submitted elsewhere while under consideration and must be withdrawn before being submitted elsewhere. 

If authors have used their own previously published work, or work that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they must cite the previous articles and indicate how their submitted manuscript differs from their previous work. Reuse of the authors’ own words should be quoted in the text. Reuse of the authors’ own figures or substantial amounts of wording may require permission from the copyright holder.

CJAS will consider extended versions of papers presented at conferences if this is declared in the Acknowledgments part of the paper.

Redundant publication of a paper, the division of study outcomes into more than one article, may result in rejection. Duplicate publication of the same, or a very similar, article may result in the retraction of the later article.

Citation manipulation

Authors whose submitted manuscripts are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, may be rejected.

Editors and reviewers must not ask authors to include references that aim to increase citations to their own work or journal.

Fabrication and falsification

The editors may reject the submitted manuscripts or retract published articles that are found to have fabricated or falsified the results, including the manipulation of images.

Authorship and acknowledgements

All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript, approved its claims, and agreed to be an author. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution. Author contributions are encouraged to be described at the end of the submission in the Acknowledgments part. Changes in authorship must be declared to the journal and agreed to by all authors.

Anyone who contributed to the research or manuscript preparation, but is not an author, should be acknowledged with their permission in the Acknowledgments part.

Conflicts of interest

Conflicts of interest occur when issues outside research could affect the neutrality or objectivity of the study. If authors of a submitted manuscript are not sure, they should declare a “potential conflict of interest” to the Editorial Board. Submissions with undeclared conflicts of interests that are later revealed may be rejected. 

Conflicts of interest do not always stop work from being published or prevent someone from being involved in the review process. However, they must be declared. A clear declaration of all possible conflicts – whether they actually had an influence or not – allows others to make informed decisions about the work and its review process.

Conflicts include the following:

Financial — funding and other payments, goods and services received or expected by the authors relating to the subject of the work or from an organization with an interest in the outcome of the work

Affiliations — being employed by, on the advisory board for, or a member of an organization with an interest in the outcome of the work

Intellectual property — patents or trademarks owned by someone or their organization

Personal — friends, family, relationships, and other close personal connections

Ideology — beliefs or activism, for example, political or religious, relevant to the work

Academic — competitors or someone whose work is critiqued


Authors must declare all potential interests in the "Conflicts of interest" part at the end of the manuscript. This part should explain why the interest may be a conflict. If there are none, the authors should state “The author(s) declare(s) that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.” 

Authors must declare funding and other payments that might influence the study. All funding, whether a conflict or not, must be declared in the “Funding Statement” at the end of the manuscript.

Declared conflicts of interest will be considered by the editors and reviewers and included in the published article.

Editors and Reviewers

Editors and reviewers should decline to be involved with a submission when they have a recent publication or current submission with any author, have a financial interest in the subject of the work, or feel unable to be objective.

Reviewers must declare any conflicts of interests to the Editorial Board of CJAS.

Editors and reviewers must declare if they have previously discussed the manuscript with the authors.


Suspected breaches of our publication ethics principles, either before and after publication, should be reported to our Editorial Board by email. Claimants will be kept anonymous if requested.

CJAS editors may ask the authors to provide the underlying data and images and contact institutions or employers to ask for an investigation or to raise concerns.

Corrections and retractions

Errors by the authors may be corrected by a corrigendum and errors by CJAS by an erratum.

If there are errors that significantly affect the conclusions or there is evidence of misconduct, this may require retraction or an expression of concern following the COPE Retraction Guidelines.

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